What is research and development?
According to UNESCO’s definition of research and development: “Any coherent and creative activity in order to raise the level of the scientific knowledge, including the knowledge of man, culture, society and use this knowledge for new applications is called research and development”; or research and development refer to a creative work that is done systematically, to add to the existing knowledge and apply it to new applications.
In all manufacturing centers, research and development plays the most basic role in the production process. Currently, research and development activities are considered as a kind of essential investment; so that the amount of this investment is growing at the firm level and it is an important indicator for businesses development and the world’s countries. Meanwhile, the industrialized countries have been allocated a vast majority of their income and work forces to official activities of applied research and technology development through non-profit institutions and production and business units. This causes that lots of materials and the products of new processes and systems are achieved and these products are the ultimate source of economic progress.
With the collaboration of a major set of subsystems, research and development unit will have a good performance. The subsystems of review and the strategy of exploiting the project results are considered line subsystems. Project planning, project implementation, and research and development management subsystem, which act as research and development staff, will monitor the performance of other sub-systems and support them.
The aim of research and development is to create order, increase the supply of scientific and technical knowledge as well as the efficiency of this knowledge in the invention and design new users. The identification of the talent, the emergence of ideas, creation, design, production, introduction and issuing of a product or a technological system are very important in this process.
Research and development in the production of flour
According to what was said, research and development is essential for production, which should be implemented in all production units. Hence, the process of flour production needs research and development and should be perform in all production units.
Research and development in production begin from the first stage, that is planting and the harvest. Raw materials play an important role in producing various high-quality flours; and hence, a great deal of research and development should be allocated to the production of raw materials, that is the wheat. To this end, research and development unit will focus on the processes and the processed products in a large scale (equivalent to several tons per day).
Research and development experts in flour factory control and monitor all stages of the flour production by relying on a variety of experiences, such as flour expertise, chemists, experts in food technology, health experts, as well as taking advantage of the advanced laboratory equipments.
Research and development tasks
- Energy efficiency
- Reduce emissions and waste management
- Conduct applied research and development
- Process minerals to the final product
- Enhanc the portion of domestic resources in the production process
- Development of products based on qualitative criteria
- Absorption, reform, innovation, adaptation and development of technology
- Increase productivity by promoting and evaluating factors
- Reduce the cost of raw materials and products
- Improve existing processes with emphasis on improving the level of automation
- Designe new products based on its practical advantages